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College English,   Ideological and political reading,   pride in being a Chinese,  

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  • China\'s Economic Development in 40 Years China has made great achievements over the past four decades. The economy expanded at an average rate of 9.5 percent, far beyond the world economy\'s 2.9 percent in the same period. And its GDP rose from 367.9 billion yuan in 1978 to 82.71 trillion yuan in 2017, while its per-capita GDP saw a 22.8-fold growth to 59,660 yuan over the same time span, lifting China from the notch (等级) of world\'s low-income to middle-income countries. As the second-largest economy in the world since 2010, China accounted for around 30 percent of world economy growth in 2017, compared with 3.1 percent in 1978. From 1978 to 2017, China\'s fiscal revenue (财政收入) increased from 113.2 billion to 17.26 trillion yuan, while gross national income per-capita rose from 1978\'s $200 to $8,250 in 2017. China cut the number of poverty-stricken population in rural areas from 770 million to 30.46 million over the last 40 years. China\'s industrial structure has continued to optimize (优化), and its economic growth has been driven by consumption, investment and export. At the same time, China has recorded the largest foreign exchange reserve (外汇储备) in the world. 40 years of reform and opening-up allows the world to see how Chinese people began to fulfill “the Chinese Dream” step by step. (208 words)
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  • Reading Comprehension Directions: After reading China\'s economic development in 40 years,you are required to complete the answers that follow the questions (No.1 to No. 5). You should write your answers in no more than 3 words. 1. At what extend did China’s economy expand? The economy expanded at of 9.5 percent. 2. Why is China lifted from the notch of world\'s low-income to middle-income countries? Because of growth in its GDP and its . 3. How did China’s state revenue change in the past 40 years? From 1978 to 2017, China\'s state revenue from 113.2 billion to 17.26 trillion yuan. 4. What has driven China’s economic growth? It has been driven by . 5. How long has it take China to fulfill “the Chinese Dream” step by step? It is since reform and opening-up in 1978. Keys: 1. an average rate 2. per-capita GDP 3. increased 4. consumption, investment and export 5. 40 years
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  • China\'s Economic Development in 40 Years Ideological and political factor: pride in being a Chinese
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